Marin County Integrated
Pest Management Program
SECTION 1 . PURPOSE AND FINDINGS
The Board of Supervisors
hereby finds that i t shall be the policy of
the County of Marin for County departments and pesticide applicators who apply
pesticides to property owned or managed by the County to eliminate
or reduce pesticide applications on County-owned and County-managed
property to the maximum extent feasible .
(b) The Board of Supervisors
finds that some County departments and personnel, particularly the department
of Parks and Open Space, have already taken significant steps to successfully
adopt IPM practices. Under this chapter,
the County of Marin wishes to continue to be a leader for public and private
entities in the adoption of IPM, reduction in pesticide use, and protection of
public health. (b) County departments shall
implement the following Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
policy: It is the purpose and intent of this chapter to
practice integrated pest management (IPM) and reduce or eliminate pesticide use
on County-owned and managed property through selection of the most appropriate
reduce-risk practices for each site and situation involving local environmental
and economic considerations as well as consideration of effectiveness and
acceptability of practices. This Ordinance applies to County departments which
utilize pesticides for maintenance of any County property or facility. It is the purpose and intent of this chapter
to practice integrated pest management (IPM) principals when considering the
use of pesticides on County-owned and managed property through selection of the
most appropriate reduced-risk practices for each site and situation involved
local environment and economic considerations, as well as consideration of
effectiveness and acceptability of practices.
Integrated Pest Management Policy
The County in carrying out its pest management operations shall focus on long term prevention or suppression of pest problems with minimum impact on
pesticides are potentially hazardous to human health, and the environmental health ,
non-target organisms. County
departments shall give preference to reasonabl e available
non-pesticide alternatives Integrated Pest Management (IPM) principals when
considering the use of pesticides on County property.and shall following
Pest Management (IPM) approach outlined below.
Monitor each pest ecosystem to determine pest
population size, occurrence, and natural enemy population, if present. Identify and evaluate conditions that
encourage pest problems. Identify
practices and decisions that could reduce pest populations. Keep records of such
monitoring. Monitoring should be
performed by designated personnel knowledgeable in IPM methods.
resistant plants and planting systems that minimize pest infestations.
Set for each pest at each site, and identify in an
IPM implementation plan, an injury level, based on how much biological,
aesthetic, or economic damage the site can tolerate.
Perform thorough in-field
assessments of each pest problem.
Determine most effective
treatment time, based on pest biology and other variables, such as weather,
seasonal changes in wildlife use, and local conditions.
Establish scouting or
inspection procedures to monitor pest population levels and severity of the
. Mointor pest
management practices to evaluate effectiveness. Modify pest ecosystems to
reduce food and living space. Modify
management practices, including watering, mulching, waste management, and food
storage to reduce pest populations.
Design and construct, or modify, indoor and outdoor areas to reduce or
eliminate pest habitats. Establish f or each
pest an IPM implementation plan which evaluates biological, aesthetic, and
economic loss each site can tolerate to determine which corrective action(s)
must be implemented .
Use physical pest controls such as hand weeding,
traps, and barriers. Determine
corrective action(s) when a control action threshold is reached. Select specific reduced-risk practices least
damaging to the environment and most likely to produce a permanent reduction in
the supportive environment for the target pest(s), and most cost-effective
considering both short-and long-term objectives. Modify pest ecosystems to reduce food and living
space through physical and cultural practices. Use biological pest controls when possible.
(introducing or enhancing pests’ natural enemies). Review and consider all available non-chemical
options for acceptability and feasibility.
Consider the use of chemicals only as a last resort. Select and use chemicals only within an IPM
program and in accordance with this chapter. (1 0 )
Conduct an ongoing education program of County staff and public utilizing
County facilities. Acquaint staff with of IPM
principles, pest biologies, non-chemical pest control
alternatives including new pest management strategies as they
become known, and health and safety issues, including toxicology
of pesticides use. And inform the public of
the County’s program to reduce pesticide use. Inform the public of the County’s program to reduce
pesticide use , and
respond to questions from the public about the County’s pest management
practices. (8) Establish
and maintain an accurate record-keeping system to catalog monitoring
information and document management procedures. Monitor treatment to evaluate
effectiveness. Keep monitoring records
and include them in the IPM implementation plan. Nothing in this chapter is intended to apply to
pesticide application that are required to comply with federal, state, or local
laws or regulations.
(9) Evaluate the effectiveness
of the IPM program and make adjustments as needed.
SECTION 2. DEFINITIONS.
Commissioner” means the County Agricultural Commissioner for the County of
Marin or designated agent, employee.
“Antimicrobial agent” means any
substance or mixture of substances intended for prohibiting the growth of, or
destroying, any bacteria, fungi pathogenic to humans or other animals, or
viruses declared to be pests under the California Food and Agricultural Code
Section 12754.5, except slime control agents, substances intended for use in or
on humans or other animals, and use in or on processed food, beverages, or
pharmaceuticals. Antimicrobial agents include, but are not limited to,
fungicides and fungistats applied to (b)
“Contract” means a binding written agreement, including but not limited to a contract, lease, permit, license or easement, between a person, firm, corporation or other entity, including a governmental entity, and a County department, which grants a right to use or occupy property of the County of Marin for a specified purpose or purposes
means a person, firm, or corporation or other entity, including a governmental
entity, that enters into a contract as defined in section
(2) © with a County department.
department” means any department of the County of Marin and includes pesticide
applicators hired by a County department to apply pesticides on County property
. County department does not include any other
local agency or any federal or state agency.
“IPM” mean a decision-making process for managing pests that uses monitoring to
determine pest injury levels, and combines,
biological, cultural, physical, and chemical tools to
minimize health, environmental, and financial risks. This
method uses extensive knowledge about pests, such as infestation (,) thresholds, life
histories, environmental requirements, and natural enemies to complement and
facilitate biological and other natural control of pests. The method involves the uses the least toxic
synthetic pesticides only as a last resort for controlling pests use
pest control methods and the carful use of chemical methods when non-chemical
considered and evaluated. “Pesticide” means pesticide as defined
in Section 12753 of Chapter 2 of Division 7 of the California Food and
Pesticide applicator means any person
or company hired by a County Department
pesticides to property owned or managed by the County of Marin.
I II, III, IV means any pesticide product meeting the
appropriate toxicity categories and bearing on the front label panel the word
Danger, Warning, or Caution, as speci rfied in
Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
Pesticide Product” means any pesticide product that
meets United Stated Environmental Protection Agency criteria for Toxicity
Category I under Section 156.10 of Part 156 of Title 4 of the Code of federal
regulations. “Toxicity Category II
Pesticide Product” means any pesticide product that meets United States
Environmental Protection Agency criteria for Toxicity Category II under section
156.10 of Part 156 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
SECTION 3: GUIDELINES
FOR PESTICIDE SELECTION
Except for pesticides
granted an exemption pursuant to Section 9 ,
effective January 1, 1998 1999, no
County department shall use any Toxicity Category I Pesticide Product, any
pesticide containing an active ingredient
chemical identified by or intentionally added inert ingredient
known to the State of California as a chemical known to the
State to cause cancer, developmental toxicity, or
reproductive toxicity pursuant to the California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic
Enforcement Act of 1986; , and any
pesticide product containing an active
ingredient or intentionally added inert ingredient
classified as a proven human carcinogen by the United States Environmental
Protection Agency as a human carcinogen, probable human carcinogen, possible
human carcinogen, reproductive toxi n , or
developmental toxin; and any chemical
classified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Environmental Protection Agency as a known, probable or possible
disrupter of the endocrine system. , Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic
Substances. Except for pesticides
granted an exemption pursuant to Section 9 ,
effective January 1, 1999 , 2000 , no
County department shall use any Toxicity Category II pesticide produc t.
By January 1
, 2000, 200 1, th e County of Marin shall reduce
its total yearly pesticide use by 75 percent (75%) by
weight, as compared to total pesticide use in 1997 .
Category III pesticide use by 50 percent (50%) by weight as
compared to total pesticide use in 1998.
IV Pesticides shall be evaluated on a case by case basis for specific risks
associated with use. (a)
The availability of alternatives shall be
SECTION 4. DESIGNATION
OF INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) COORDINATOR.
The County Agricultural Commissioner is designated the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Coordinator. The IPM coordinator will be primarily responsible for implementing the County IPM policy.
SECTION 5. CREATION OF AN
IPM Coordinator shall convene an
Integrated Pest Management Commi t tee to oversee
implementation of the Marin County IPM policy and advise and make
recommendations to the IPM coordinator .
from each department that submits purchase requests for who handles pesticides or contracts for
professional services with a pesticide applicator; at least one person with substantial practical experience in IPM
implementation from a university of private organization; member of the University of California
Cooperative Extension with practical IPM experience; one
representative from the Health Council of Marin ; one representative from the department of
Environmental Health , the county Health Officer or designated agent; one
Licensed Pest Control Advisor or Qualified Applicator, or Structural Pest
Control Operator; a Landscape Architect
or a Landscape Maintenance Gardener;
one member Marin County Farm Bureau; the County Agricultural
Commissioner or designated agent; one
physician familiar with the effects of pesticides on human health; and at least 3 members
of environmental or community organization concerned
with pesticide use.
will review pest
management by County departments on a
basis and make recommendations to the departments
regarding less -toxic alternatives
reduced-risk pest management and for pest control.
alternatives. The IPM Coordinator
shall receive copies of all written recommendations made to department by the committee .
as provided in subdivisions (b) through (e) hereof, within one hundred
and twenty (120) days of the effective date of this ordinance, any County
department that uses any pesticide sh al l
comply with the following notification procedure:
s hall be posted at least
four days before application of Category I and II the
pesticide product and remain posted at least four days after application of the
pesticide . Signs
shall be posted immediately prior to application of Category III and IV
pesticide products and remain posted for at least 2 days after application of pesticide.
Signs shall be posted (a) at every nearest entry point where the
pesticide is applied in an enclosed area, and (b) posted so that they are in highly visible at all
usual points of entry to the treated area locations around the
perimeter of the area where the pesticides are applied if the
pesticide is applied in an open area . Signs shall be of a
standardized design that are easily recognizable to the public and workers.
shall contain the name and active ingredient of the pesticide product, the
target pest, signal word indicating the toxicity category of the pesticide
product, the date of application, the date of re -entry
interval to the area treated , and the
name and contact number for the County department responsible for the
application. For the Marin Civic
Center, a signboard that explains that pesticides are used in the building as
part of an IPM program shall be located near both of the primary
entrances. Information on all pesticide
applications within the Civic Center, and not covered in subsections (b)
through (e) of this section, shall be posted on the signboards, and shall
include the information described in subsection (a) (4) of this section.
departments shall not be required to post signs in accordance with section (a)
right-of-way locations that the general public does not use for
recreation purposes ; (2) pesticidal ba te s ,
However, each County department that uses pesticides in such right in right-of-way areas. Information readily available by calling the
public access number shall include the following information for any pesticide
that will be applied within the next four days or that has been applied within
the last four days: a description of
the area of the pesticide application, the name and active ingredient of the
pesticide product, the target pest, the date
of pesticide use, the signal word indicating the toxicity category of the
pesticide product, the re-entry period of the area treated, and the name and
contact number for the County department responsible for the application. Information about the public access
telephone number shall be posted in a public location at the County
department’s main office.
(a) County departments using
pesticidal bates shall not be required to post signs in accordance with
subsection (a). However, each County
department that uses pesticidal baits shall post a permanent sign (1) in each
building or vehicle where the baits are used, (2) at the County department’s main
office or a similar location where the public obtains information regarding the
building or vehicle, and (3) when baits are used outdoors to control rats and
other pests, in a conspicuous location outside of the area where the baits are
used. The sign shall indicate the name
and active ingredient of the baits used in and around the building or vehicle,
the target pests, the signal word indicating the toxicity category of the
pesticide product, and the contact number for the County department responsible
for the bait application © County departments may obtain
authorization from the IPM coordinator
to apply a pesticide without providing a four day advance notice in the event
of a public health emergency, or to comply with worker safety
requirements. Signs meeting the
requirements of subsection (a) (2) through subsection ( a) (4)
be posted at the
time of application and remain posted four days following the
application. The Agricultural Commissioner
shall report Committee
at their next scheduled meeting.
IPM Coordinator may grant exemptions to the notification requirements for
certain other specific one-time uses upon a finding that good cause exists to
allow an exemption to the notification requirements. The IPM Coordinator shall report all exemptions granted pursuant
to this subsection to the IPM Committee at
their next scheduled meeting.
(e) The IPM Committee
may authorize permanent changes in the way County departments notify the public
about pesticide use in some specific circumstances. Prior to granting an exemption pursuant to this subsection, the
County department requesting the exemption shall identify the specific
situations in which it is not possible to comply with the notification
requirements and propose alternative notification procedures. A County department
applying pesticides for which an exemption is granted pursuant to this
subsection(e) shall report any pesticide usage to the IPM Committee within
30 days of application. At their next scheduled meeting.
7: IMPLEMENTATION OF
COUNTY INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY.
The IPM Coordinator and the
shall assist County departments in implementing the County IPM policy by
developing an IPM education and training program to educate the public and
County Employees about the County IPM policy, principles of IPM , and
non-toxic alternatives for pest management.
To augment this
educational program, and to evaluate implementation of the IPM policy, the IPM
Coordinator shall collect information on the efficiency of alternatives used by
County departments. County
departments that use or contract for pesticide use shall submit to the IPM coordinator a
implementing the County Integrated Pest Management (IPM) policy . will
an annual evaluation of its IPM program and recommend
improvements to the coordinator.
ninety (90) days of the effective date of this chapter, each County department
that uses pesticides or contracts with pesticide applicators to apply
pesticides shall submit to the IPM Coordinator a plan for implementing the
County Integrated Pest Management
(IPM) policy. Each department,
in cooperation with the IPM Committee , will
conduct an annual evaluation of its IPM program and determine if improvements should be
made. The IPM implementation plans and
any annual updates shall be consistent with the requirements of this Chapter
and any guidelines developed by the IPM Coordinator.
department IPM implementation plan shall outline the way in which the County
department shall comply with the County IPM Policy in Section (1) ©. IPM implementation plan shall cover
pesticide applications performed by pesticide applicators at the request of the
County department. © The IPM
implementation plan shall contain a list of the types and
quantities of chemicals used in the previous year, the types of pest problems,
the alternatives adopted to date, and the alternatives proposed for adoption
within the next year.
department shall designate a department Pest IPM
Manager to coordinate the adoption of a department IPM program and the
scheduling of pest control services for their sites, including those performed
by pesticide applicators, and to provide management of structural repairs,
modifications, sanitation, and maintenance .
request of the IPM Committee , the IPM coordinator may
determine that a County department’s IPM implementation plan is not in
conformity with the County IPM policy.
Upon a determination of nonconformity, the County department shall
submit a revised plan to the IPM committee in
accordance with a schedule established by the IPM Coordinator. (e) The IPM coordinator shall evaluate and
make recommendations covering County department implementation
than J uly 1, 199 8 , and semi- annually
thereafter, the IPM Coordinator shall report to the IPM Committee on the
status of the County department’s efforts to implement the County IPM
policy. (f) The IPM
Coordinator will provide a n annual review to the Board of Supervisors on the status of
the County department efforts. IPM program.
SECTION 8. RECORDKEEPING
OF PESTICIDE APPLICAITONS.
(a) Each County department that uses pesticides shall keep records of each pesticide application. Each application record shall include the following information:
the type and
quantity of pesticide product used, including the complete EPA registration
the site of
the pesticide application.
the name of
the pesticide applicator.
the date the
pesticide was used.
application equipment used.
last known date of prior pesticide application at the same site.
(b) Application records shall be made available to the public upon request in accordance with all applicable state and County laws governing public access to information.
(b) Members of the public shall
be entitled to 50 free pages of photocopied documents per
month, and may only be charged for the direct cost of
duplication for additional pages.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, this chapter shall not apply to the use of pesticide for the purpose of improving or maintaining water quality at drinking water treatment plants, wastewater treatment plants, reservoirs, and related collection, distribution, and treatment facilities.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, this chapter shall not apply to the use of microbial agents.
may apply to the IPM Committee
for a limited use exemption for a particular of pesticide that is
not allowed under Sections 3 (a) and 3 (b). Upon the filing of a complete application,
the IPM Committee
may grant a limited-use exemption provided that the IPM Committee
finds that the County department will use the pesticide for a
specific and limited purpose for a defined period of time; that the department has already investigated
all other options; that the department
has identified a compelling need to use the pesticide; and the department has a plan to eliminate
the use of this pesticide in the future.
IPM Coordinator may grant a limited use exemption on an emergency basis
provided that all criteria in section
are met, and that the County department Committee.
IPM Coordinator shall
and shall include in his semi-annual report
required by section 7
(g) the total number of emergency exemptions requested by County departments or
contractors and the number granted.
As of the effective date
of this section, when a County department enters into a new contract or extends
the terms of an existing contract, the contract shall obligate the contractor
to comply with the terms of section 8 (a).
Effective, January 1, 1998, 1999, the contractor shall
comply with sections 3, 6, and 8. Effective January 1, 1999, 2000, the contractor
shall submit to the County department and IPM Coordinator, an IPM
implementation plan that lists the types and estimated quantities, to the
extent possible, of the pesticides that the contractor may need to apply to
County property during its contract, outlines actions the contractor will take
to meet County IPM policy, and identifies the primary IPM contact for the
As of the effective date of this section, when a
County department enters into a new contract or extends the term of an existing
contract with a pesticide applicator that authorizes the application of
to County-owned or County-managed property,
the County n plan.
Within one (1) year of the effective date of this section, all County contracts with pesticide applicators shall be reopened for bidding, unless the terms of existing contracts dictate otherwise.
IPM Coordinator shall, in consultation with the IPM
prepare a request for qualifications (RFQ) to ensure that only contractors with
demonstrated experience in integrated pest management will submit proposals for
subsequent bid process. All potential bidders shall be required to
respond to the RFQ.
shall determine which respondents are qualified , and they will be invited to submit proposals. The IPM Coordinator shall
prepare a request for proposals (RFP) which
includes detailed information about the County IPM policy. RFP participants shall be entitled to a site
The IPM Coordinator shall assist the
County departments in selecting among RFP participan
contractor, or any department on behalf of a contractor, may apply for any
exemption pursuant to Section
The IPM Coordinator may issue guidelines to assist County departments in the implementation of this chapter.
SECTION XII PUBLICATION
This ordinance shall be and is in full force and effect as of thirty (30) days from and after the date of its passage and shall be published once before the expiration of fifteen (15) days after its passage, with the names of the supervisors voting for and against the same in the INDEPENDENT JOURNAL, a newspaper of general circulation published in Marin County.
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